OTHER PROJECTS & INITIATIVES
CBSCI is aligned with projects and initiatives that work to enable the expanded use of biojet and develop understanding of its environmental, social, and economic impacts.
Forest Residue Technology Maturation Pathways (ATM project)
The ATM project will assess the potential of producing biojet from Canada’s considerable forest residue resources, using the experience of Canada’s established forest products and pellet sectors.
The research will evaluate four to five different “near-to-commercialisation” technologies for the production of bio-oils, produced from sustainably sourced biomass residues, and the upgrading requirements that will be needed for each of these bio-oils to allow them to function as biojet fuels.
An eventual goal of the work will be to produce sufficient volumes of biojet fuel, using the best supply/cost pathway, for realistic evaluation.
The ATM project is led by NORAM and the University of British Columbia, includes the Canadian government Canmet ENERGY laboratories, the US Pacific National NorthWest Laboratory (PNNL), (S&T)2 Consultants Inc., and skyNRG, with support from the Boeing Company, Bombardier Inc., Air Canada and WestJet Airlines Ltd.
Civil Aviation Alternate Fuel Contrail and Emissions Research (CAAFCER)
The CAAFCER project is studying the impact of HEFA biojet blends on contrail formation. Aviation contrails contribute to global-warming via the action of radiative forcing, entrapping solar heat energy. A reduction in contrail thickness/coverage can lessen aviation’s contribution to climate change.
This may be an important beneficial effect of sustainable biofuel usage in aviation. CAAFCER research activities involve the use of specialized research aircraft by enhancing the NRC’s T33 research jet’s emissions instrumentation through the addition of a CPC 3776 ultra-fine aerosol sensor and denuder to differentiate between volatile and non-volatile particles.
The NRC completed jet emissions and contrail measurements from Air Canada flights between Montreal and Toronto. Project participants are National Research Council, Air Canada, University of Alberta, skyNRG, The Boeing Company, and Waterfall Group.
ASCENT – The Aviation Sustainability Center
ASCENT is a cooperative aviation research organization co-led by Washington State University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Also known as the Center of Excellence for Alternative Jet Fuels and Environment, ASCENT is funded by the FAA, NASA, the Department of Defense, Transport Canada, and the Environmental Protection Agency. ASCENT works to create science-based solutions for the aviation industry’s biggest challenges.
A coalition of 16 leading US research universities and over 60 private sector stakeholders committed to reducing the environmental impact of aviation, ASCENT also works in partnership with international research programs, federal agencies and national laboratories to create an all-inclusive research capability for whatever environmental impact obstacle the aviation industry faces.
Feasibility, Cost, and Environmental Impact of a Biojet Fuel Supply Chain in Canada
This project, under Transport Canada’s Clean Transportation Initiative, Aviation Sector Research and Development Transport Canada (referred to as the CTI Report), analyses and defines the enabling conditions for two biojet supply chains in Canada.
The first supply chain is proposed to use the commercially available HEFA (Hydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids) technology and commercially available feedstocks for biojet production within a 2020 timeframe. The second supply chain anticipates use of currently emerging technology HDCJ (Hydrotreated Depolymerized Cellulosic Jet) within a commercial production time frame of 2025, with further process refinements by 2030.
The CTI reports contain a review of potential technologies, feedstocks, airports, and enabling policy structures. Project participants include Novo Energy, Waterfall Group, SkyNRG, and BioFuelNet Canada.